2.53 Different Ways of Working

Full time workers usually work 35 hours a week, although the maximum allowed by law is 48 hours.

Part time workers work fewer hours than full time but receive the same benefits on a pro-rata basis.

Flexible working is all about allowing employees to work in ways which better suit their needs e.g. working from home, flexible start / finish times. All UK workers have the right to ask for flexible working.

Permanent work is an indefinite contract between an employer and an employee. It is the most common type of employment.

Temporary work is where someone works for a fixed period of time. This work is often seasonal e.g. many retailers employ extra staff for the Christmas period.

Freelance work is where the person is self-employed and works on a contract by contract basis. The person doesn’t work for one company full time.

Technology has had a massive impact on ways of working. It can create huge cost savings e.g. people can have a video conference call instead of meeting in person. Remote work is where people can work in different locations, again this has significant cost implications.

Many people now work from home.

Advantages of home working include: work / life balance, no need to commute, cost savings as no premises to pay for, less stress.

Disadvantages of home working include: no social aspect to working, workers often feel they’re working 24/7, can be difficult to concentrate if easily distracted.